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5 . 2023

Review of the possible impact of 100% juices on nutritional quality, risk of obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus

Abstract

Studies show that fruit juices are a source of macro- and micronutrients. Despite the fact that modern technologies for the industrial processing of fruits into juice are aimed at preserving the bioactive compounds of the original raw materials, juices are the subject of controversy due to the presence of free sugars and less dietary fiber than in fresh fruits.

The purpose of the work was to systematize the available studies on the effect of 100% juices on nutrition quality, obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Material and methods. Systematic search in PubMed, Google Scholar, eLIBRARY databases in accordance with the inclusion criteria: the study examined 100% fruit or vegetable juices, the article was in Russian or English in a peer-reviewed journal, the subjects (in the case of clinical studies) were people aged 1 to 18 years and older. 98 sources were analyzed based on the title of the article, of which 35 did not relate to juices. 63 sources were analyzed based on their abstracts, of which 28 were included in the main study.

Results. According to the results of the literature analysis, it follows that moderate consumption of 100% juices not only does not have negative effects on human health, but, on the contrary improve the health of the organism. In particular, its intake helps lower blood pressure and the content of highly sensitive C-reactive protein, thereby reducing the risk of cardiovascular diseases. Juices enrich the daily diet due to the macro- and micronutrients they contain, which improves the quality of nutrition in general. Researches prove that there is no correlation between moderate juice consumption and type 2 diabetes onset. The glycemic index of the juices is low or medium, which distinguishes them from standard soft drinks containing sugar. The consumption of juices (100–500 ml/day) does not increase the risk of obesity in adults and children.

Conclusion. Negative effects, such as weight gain and an increased risk of diabetic diseases, can only be observed with excessive consumption of juices.

Keywords:juice; free sugars; type 2 diabetes mellitus; obesity; nutritional quality

Funding. The study was not sponsored.

Conflict of interest. Polyakov S.A., Dobrynin O.S., Makarov V.S. and Shashin D.L. are employees of JSC “Multon”, the paper presents the author’s point of view. All other authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Contribution. Concept and design of the study – Polyakov S.A., Dobrynin O.S., Makarov V.S., Shashin D.L.; data collection and statistical processing – all authors; writing the text – Polyakov S.A., Dobrynin O.S., Khomich L.M.; editing, approval of the final version of the article, responsibility for the integrity of all parts of the article – all authors.

For citation: Polyakov S.A., Dobrynin O.S., Makarov V.S., Shashin D.L., Khomich L.М. Review of the possible impact of 100% juices on nutritional quality, risk of obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Voprosy pitaniia [Problems of Nutrition]. 2023; 92 (5): 28–38. DOI: https://doi.org/10.33029/0042-8833-2023-92-5-28-38 (in Russian)

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CHIEF EDITOR
CHIEF EDITOR
Viktor A. Tutelyan
Full Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Doctor of Medical Sciences, Professor, Scientific Director of the Federal Research Centre of Nutrition, Biotechnology and Food Safety (Moscow, Russia)

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