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5 . 2020

Pathogenetic aspects of magnesium deficiency in connective tissue dysplasia syndrome

Abstract

The problem of connective tissue dysplasia is currently becoming particularly relevant because of significant increase of individuals with characteristic abnormalities in the structure of connective tissue. The lack of some micronutrients, arising during ontogenesis in the organism, can determine a high risk of worsening connective tissue homeostasis. Recently, the decisive role of magnesium deficiency in the progression of this disease has been demonstrated.

The aim of the study was to substantiate the need for magnesium diet therapy in individuals with connective tissue dysplasia basing on the study of the pathogenetic significance of magnesium deficiency in this pathology.

Material and methods. The electronic resources of the portals PubMed-NCBI, MEDLINE, the Scientific Electronic Library eLIBRARY.RU, CyberLeninka and the Google Academy were used.

Results and discussion. The analysis of the obtained data made it possible to identify fundamentally new provisions on the main mechanisms of the magnesium influence on the metabolic state of all components of connective tissue. It was proved that magnesium deficiency is a predictor of worsening connective tissue homeostasis, increasing in the number of dysplastic symptoms and their severity. This pathogenetically justifies prescribing a balanced diet to patients with connective tissue dysplasia, including products rich in magnesium, taking into account its recommended daily intake, depending on age of patients.

Conclusion. Adequate daily intake of magnesium will increase the mechanical properties and functionality of the connective tissue, and should be recommended for patients with connective tissue dysplasia to prevent the development of complications, maintain the quality of life and improve the prognosis for this disease.

Keywords:connective tissue dysplasia, pathogenetic aspects, magnesium, magnesium deficiency, magnesium diet, prevention of progressive course

Funding. The study did not have sponsorship.

Conflict of interests. The authors declare no conflict of interests.

For citation: Kytko O.V., Dydykina I.S., Sankova M.V., Kryuchko P.V., Chilikov V.V. Pathogenetic aspects of magnesium deficiency in connective tissue dysplasia syndrome. Voprosy pitaniia [Problems of Nutrition]. 2020; 89 (5): 35-43. DOI: https://www.doi.org/10.24411/0042-8833-2020-10064 (in Russian)

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CHIEF EDITOR
CHIEF EDITOR
Viktor A. Tutelyan
Full Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Doctor of Medical Sciences, Professor, Scientific Director of the Federal Research Centre of Nutrition, Biotechnology and Food Safety (Moscow, Russia)
Medicine today

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